Information on the ELD Mandate

The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) published final ruling requiring commercial motor vehicles involved in interstate commerce to start using ELDs (electronic logging devices) when operated by drivers who are required to keep records of duty status (RODS).

The ELD Rule:

  • Requires ELD use by commercial drivers who are required to prepare hours-of-service (HOS) records of duty status (RODS).
  • Sets ELD performance and design standards, and requires ELDs to be certified and registered with FMCSA.
  • Establishes what supporting documents drivers and carriers are required to keep.
  • Prohibits harassment of drivers based on ELD data or connected technology (such as fleet management system). The rule also provides recourse for drivers who believe they have been harassed.

Who Is Exempt from the ELD Rule:

Drivers who use the timecard exception are not required to keep records of duty status (RODS) or use ELDs.  Additionally, the following drivers are not required to use ELDs; however, they are still bound by the RODS requirements in 49 CFR 395 and must prepare logs on paper, using an Automatic On-Board Recording Device (AOBRD), or with a logging software program when required:

  • Drivers who use paper RODS for not more than 8 days out of every 30-day period.
  • Drivers who conduct drive-away-tow-away operations, where the vehicle being driven is the commodity being delivered.
  • Drivers of vehicles manufactured before 2000.

ELD manufacturers are required to self-certify that their devices comply with the ELD rule and register the devices with FMCSA. A list of self-certified and registered ELDs can be found at https://3pdp.fmcsa.dot.gov/ELD/ELDList.aspx. You can also download the ELD Checklist.

Motor carriers subject to the ELD rule are required to operate registered ELDs by the compliance date of Dec. 18, 2017. Motor carriers that operate with automatic onboard recording devices (AOBRDs) prior to December 18, 2017 and are subject to the ELD rule, have until December 16, 2019 to transition from AOBRDs to ELD.

For more information, please visit the FMCSA website at https://www.fmcsa.dot.gov/hours-service/elds/electronic-logging-devices

Take a look at the ELD Rule Brochure from the FMCSA: