ELD Mandate Introduction

Now that the final rules are out and the Electronic Logging Device (ELD) mandate is in effect, it’s time to get educated and then implement. As with any new technology, there are plenty of questions surrounding ELDs. At its core, the law aims to heighten road safety by ensuring that drivers are abiding by Hours of Service rules. There are, however, some side benefits to drivers as well – increased efficiency as well as time and cost savings. This white paper will focus on the top 10 things that every professional driver should know about the rules.

WordCloud

ELD: Top 10 Things to Know

1. Definition of ELD

ELD

First, it’s important to understand how the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) defines an ELD:
“An ELD is a recording-only technology, used to track the time a CMV [commercial motor vehicle] is operating. An ELD is integrally connected to the CMV’s engine, uses location information, and is tamper resistant. An ELD automatically tracks CMV movement, but allows for annotations by both the driver and the motor carrier’s agent to explain or correct records. An ELD is not necessarily a physical device; it is a technology platform, and may be portable or implemented within a device not permanently installed on a CMV.”1

2. Data elements that will be automatically recorded

As per the final rules, there are a number of data pieces that are automatically recorded by ELDs:

• Date
• Time
• CMV location
• Engine hours
• Vehicle miles
• Driver or authenticated user identification data
• Vehicle identification data
• Motor carrier identification data
• What kind of vehicle location information will be recorded?

Communication of vehicle data and hours of service is transmitted over a mobile network. FMCSA doesn’t require the use of the satellite-based global positioning system (GPS). In addition, an ELD must give drivers the capability to input when they start and end personal use and yard moves, where the CMV is in motion but a driver is off driving duty.

When the ELD records the required dataset

An ELD records the dataset at 60-minute intervals:
When the vehicle is in motion
At the time of any duty status change the driver inputs
When a CMV’s engine is powered up, or shut down

Read More